Bison Tracks Sculpture by Stephen Herrero The American Bison (Bison bison) commonly referred to as the American Plains Buffalo, once roamed the entire North American Continent with numbers estimated at over 60 million. Today bison are ecologically extinct throughout most of their historic range, except for a few national parks and other small wildlife areas. Bison were an integral part of the ecosystem for centuries, thriving on wild and drought resistant western grasses, native shrubs, flowers and other plants. Bison were the economic and spiritual focal point of the Plains Indians,supplying them with food, clothing and shelter. Bison bulls weigh about 2,000 lbs and have heavy horns and a large hump of muscle which supports their enormous head and thick skull. They have a thick mass of fur on their heads and a heavy cape of fur even in summer. In winter, bison can dig through deep snow with their heads to reach the vegetation below. Bison have poor eyesight, but have acute hearing and an excellent sense of smell and can run at speeds of up to 35 mph. Cold cast and realistically hand-painted. Tabletop or wall presentation. Includes educational facts on each animal. 6-3/4"L x 6"H x 1"D.